Test Your Knowledge, Part II: The Real Truth About Resistance Training

March 2, 2015

 

 

Multi-joint exercises:

A. Train multiple joints and muscle groups at the same time

B. Are known as compound exercises

C. Both A and B

Multiple-joint exercises, also known as compound exercises, train multiple muscle groups and joints at the same time. The advantage of these exercises is that they are time efficient and they lead to great results. By performing 8-10 multi-joint exercises you can train most every muscle group, spend less time at the gym, and achieve positive changes in body composition. They are also functional, since movements that you perform in everyday life such as sitting and kneeling involve multiple muscles and joints. (C)
 

An example/s of a multi-joint exercise would be:

A. Squat

B. Chest Press

C. Lunge

D. All of the Above

All of these exercises are multi-joint exercises, along with an overhead press, leg press, and many more. (D)
 

3. Loss of muscle mass and strength with aging is called:

A. Muscle Wasting

B. Sarcopenia

C. Muscle Atrophy

Around age 30, men and women begin to lose muscle mass. Those who are inactive can lose as much as 3-5% per decade, but even those who are active will still lose some natural muscle mass. The best defense against Sarcopenia, age related muscle loss, is to perform resistance training exercises that increase muscle strength and endurance. Resistance training will significantly slow natural muscle loss. (B)

 

4. Which is an advantage of using machine weights over free weights?

A. Safe and less intimidating for beginners

B. Incorporates balance and movement patterns that resemble real life sport and activity

C. Allow your body to move past its natural range of motion

If resistance training is new to you, machines are a great place to start. They’re safe and less intimidating for beginners and they’re quick and easy to use. They also provide stability and support, and they guide you through proper range of motion. (A) See my blog titled, “MIX IT UP WITH MACHINES,” posted on January 19, 2015, for more information on this topic.

 

5. The acronym FITT stands for:

A. Fitness, Intensity, Training, Toning

B. Fast, Isolated, Timed, Training

C. Frequency, Intensity, Time, Type

The acronym FITT stands for Frequency, Intensity, Time, and Type. These factors help you determine how often (frequency), how hard (intensity), how long (time/duration), and what kind (type) of exercises you’ll perform to meet your goals. One factor affects the other; therefore an increase in intensity will generally require a decrease in duration. FITT principles and ACSM guidelines help you design safe, effective fitness programs to achieve the results you’re looking for. (C)

 

- Angie

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